How to Use Russian Numerals in Everyday Situations

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Anna 俄语
2016年2月25日
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Have you ever had any problems in shops or restaurants while paying for your goods or meals in Russia? Or maybe (God Forbid!) you made the big mistake of trying to ask a Russian woman about her age? If yes, then this article will definitely be useful to you. Let’s talk about how to express numerals in Russian.

Expressing Time


When we answer the question «Сколько времени?» or «Который час?» (What time is it?)

  • 11:57 - Без (чего? – Genitive case) трёх минут (this word is optional) двенадцать (Nominative case)

  • Rule: If Без is followed by a number ranging from 5 to 20, then add instead of the soft sign ь at the end. E.g. пять -> пяти, шесть -> шести etc). BUT: без одной минуты двенадцать and 2, 3, 4 - двух, трёх, четырёх минут.
E.g. 8:40 – без двадцати (минут) девять

  • 7:15 or 19:15 – Пятнадцать минут восьмого. There is the ordinal numeral "восьмой". E.g. первого, второго, третьего … etc.

  • 8:20 – Двадцать минут девятого

  • 11:45 – Без четверти полдень (without a numeral at all) or без пятнадцати двенадцать.

  • 4:30 – половина пятого or полпятого. Четверть - a quarter, половина - a half.

Understanding Prices In a Shop



In combination with "С вас..." (сколько? – cardinal numeral, Accusative case)

  • 154 р. 30 к. – сто пятьдесят четыре рубля тридцать копеек.
NB! Nominative case endings coincide with Accusative case endings when we speak about inanimate things.

Filling out a Form



  • Indicating birth date: Я родился 28.12.1984 (двадцать восьмого декабря тысяча девятьсот восемьдесят четвертого года)

  • When we talk about years, the first three numerals are cardinal and the last one is ordinal, and we change only this ordinal number. E.g. Он родился в 1974 году (тысяча девятьсот семьдесят четвёртом году).

Describing Age



  • Сколько тебе (Вам) лет? (How old are you?) – Мне шестнадцать (Nominative case) лет. (I’m 16).

  • Important rule: Don’t forget that in Russia it’s impolite to ask a woman about her age!

  • NB! In modern Russian language, “лето” means “summer”, but in old Russian, it means “a year”. Today, we still use this word, but only to signify "years" in plural («лета́» and «ле́та») E.g. многая лета! (festive wish) - may you live long!, «сорок лет» - forty years).

  • One additional spelling rule to remember: There is no soft sign ь in the middle of the word when it ends in –надцать in Russian, but we still keep it at the end of the word.
E.g. 15 – пятнадцать
16 – шестнадцать
18 – восемнадцать etc.

I hope this article was useful to you. If you have any questions or remarks, please, let me know! Thanks! :)




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Hello. My name is Anna. I am a Russian and Ukrainian native-speaker. I think that the main purpose of studying any language is communication. So speaking at the lesson is my priority. I have been teaching English and Russian languages for 8 years. The structure of my lessons depends on your needs, your level, and the program you choose. My lessons are always learner-centered. In my teaching I use textbooks (I think that learning of any foreign language must be systematized) as well as authentic texts (according to your level) and a lot of additional materials (Youtube, films, cartoons etc). I know that studying a foreign language is not an easy thing but I always try to create friendly and positive atmosphere during the lesson. Note: When you book a trial lesson with me, please, write some words about your learning experience. You can send me a composition “About Myself”. This will help me to evaluate your basic grammar and writing skills. During the trial lesson I usually interview a student to know more about his (her) goals and preferences in studying and to tell more about my teaching approaches. Feel free to contact me! You can visit my Facebook account as well. Welcome! https://www.facebook.com/ruslang4u
$10.00
USD/h
Flag 俄语
乌克兰
310
俄语
母语
,
乌克兰语
母语
,
英语
C1
,
中文
B1
,
意大利语
A1
,
瑞典语
A1
Hello. My name is Anna. I am a Russian and Ukrainian native-speaker. I think that the main purpose of studying any language is communication. So speaking at the lesson is my priority. I have been teaching English and Russian languages for 8 years. The structure of my lessons depends on your needs, your level, and the program you choose. My lessons are always learner-centered. In my teaching I use textbooks (I think that learning of any foreign language must be systematized) as well as authentic texts (according to your level) and a lot of additional materials (Youtube, films, cartoons etc). I know that studying a foreign language is not an easy thing but I always try to create friendly and positive atmosphere during the lesson. Note: When you book a trial lesson with me, please, write some words about your learning experience. You can send me a composition “About Myself”. This will help me to evaluate your basic grammar and writing skills. During the trial lesson I usually interview a student to know more about his (her) goals and preferences in studying and to tell more about my teaching approaches. Feel free to contact me! You can visit my Facebook account as well. Welcome! https://www.facebook.com/ruslang4u

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