The chinese syllable--汉语的音节(1)

一个汉语音节包括三部分:声母,韵母和声调。比如,“妈,mā”由声母m、韵母a、和第一声声调“-”组成。

Chinese syllable consists of three parts: initials, finals, and tones. For example, 'mā' is made up of the initials 'm', the final 'a' and the level tone '-'.

今天我们先学习声调。

Today we learn tone first.

声调指整个音节的高低升降的变化。汉语中一共有五个声调,下面分别举例说明:

Tone is the pitch contour of the syllable. there are five tones. Here are examples:

第一声:妈 mā 音高而平,基本没有升降变化。

第二声:麻 má 由中音升到高音。

第三声:马 mǎ 由半低音降到低音,再升到半高音。

第四声:骂 mà 由高音降到低音。

轻 声: 吗 ma 字音很轻很短。

  • The first tone: mā (mother) This tone is high and fiat with no change in the pitch, using '-' as its tone mark.

  • The second tone: má (numb) This tone rises from the middle to the top, using '/' as its tone mark.

  • The third tone: mǎ (horse) This tone curves mid-low to low and rises to mid-high, using 'V' as its tone mark.

  • The fourth tone: mà (scold) This tone falls sharply from the top to the bottom, using '\' as its tone mark.

The neutral tone: ma(sentence final interrogative particle ) This tone is light and short with no tone mark.

请注意:当两个音节都是三声时,前面的第三声读成第二声。比如:你好,很好。

Please be ware that when a third tone is followed by another third tone, the first one should be pronounced as a second tone. e.g. nǐ hǎo— ní hǎo, hěn hǎo— hén hǎo.
2018年5月1日
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Hello, everyone. I'm Yakira. You can also call me Koko. I’m a native Chinese (Mandarin) speaker. I speak English and Japanese as well. I live in Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China. My hobbies include traveling, reading, and swimming. I love delicious food too. When I’m free I usually cook at home. I enjoy working as a Chinese teacher. I hope to be your teacher in class, but good friends in life. About my Chinese lesson: I have been teaching Chinese as a foreign language for three years. I previously worked in a Chinese School for Japanese in Suzhou. Later, I became an online Chinese teacher for two years ago. I became the teacher of of Italki in June 2018. My students come from many countries in the world, I could teach in both English and Japanese . I will speak slowly in our class . I would like to correct your pronunciation and grammar, and help you learn authentic Chinese. You are welcome to take a Chinese class with me! Features of my class are as follows: 1. Maintaining enthusiasm and a friendly learning environment. Classes are always interesting and fun! 2. Mistakes are OK! Only by making mistakes can you make progress. Don't be afraid to talk as much as you can. 3. If you don't understand something, please tell me at once. I will explain it to you slowly. If you make a mistake, I will tell you at once and make a note to help you review it later.
Flag
中文
globe
中国
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624
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中文
母语
,
日语
C2
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Hello, everyone. I'm Yakira. You can also call me Koko. I’m a native Chinese (Mandarin) speaker. I speak English and Japanese as well. I live in Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China. My hobbies include traveling, reading, and swimming. I love delicious food too. When I’m free I usually cook at home. I enjoy working as a Chinese teacher. I hope to be your teacher in class, but good friends in life. About my Chinese lesson: I have been teaching Chinese as a foreign language for three years. I previously worked in a Chinese School for Japanese in Suzhou. Later, I became an online Chinese teacher for two years ago. I became the teacher of of Italki in June 2018. My students come from many countries in the world, I could teach in both English and Japanese . I will speak slowly in our class . I would like to correct your pronunciation and grammar, and help you learn authentic Chinese. You are welcome to take a Chinese class with me! Features of my class are as follows: 1. Maintaining enthusiasm and a friendly learning environment. Classes are always interesting and fun! 2. Mistakes are OK! Only by making mistakes can you make progress. Don't be afraid to talk as much as you can. 3. If you don't understand something, please tell me at once. I will explain it to you slowly. If you make a mistake, I will tell you at once and make a note to help you review it later.