The differences between “的,得,地”

猛烈( )北风,胜利( )到达,惨痛( )教训
愤怒( )声讨,鲜艳( )红旗,勇敢( )战士
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观察( )仔细,感动( )流泪,仔细( )观察
Please fill in the correct phrases with"的,得,地"——
"What!"......When you see this topic,maybe many people will be confused,how do I know which one to use!

They are three structural auxiliary words used in high frequency in modern Chinese, all of which play a connecting role; they all have different pronunciations and usages in Mandarin, but when they are attached to words, phrases, sentences, or in front of sentences, they represent structural relations. They all read "De" when there is some additional meaning, there is no difference in pronunciation. By writing three different words in the written language, it is possible to distinguish the differences in their written usage and to make the written language precise.

Here are some tips for how to use them correctly:
1. The main difference is "的" is used with nouns.‘的’ is used after an adjective, before a noun to describe it. The pattern usually is : Adj.+的de+Noun



For example:
美丽的花儿měi lì de huār  Beautiful Flowers
清澈的河水qīnɡ chè de hé shuǐ limpid river water
暖暖的风  nuǎn nuǎn de fēnɡ the warm wind
红红的太阳hónɡ hónɡ de tài yánɡ Red sun

Note1:when the attributive modifier is a monosyllabic adjective, ‘的’ is usually omitted.
For example:
蓝天 lán tiān Blue sky
白云bái yún white cloud

Note2:‘的’ is also a possessive particle in Chinese to indicate the owner of something, placed between nouns:
我的书wǒ de shū My book
你的衣服nǐ de yī fu Your cloths

Note3:Often when singing,especially traditional songs,the的de wil be pronounced “di”.
such as the famous song“月亮代表我的心”usually sing as :yuè liɑnɡ dài biǎo wǒ di xīn.

2. 地, is mainly used to modify a verb, like giving it the “ly” in English. The pattern usually is : Adj.+地de+Verb

For example:
专心地上课zhuān xīn de shànɡ kè attentively on class
大声地朗读dà shēnɡ de lǎnɡ dú Reading aloud
慢慢地升起màn man de shēng qǐ Rise up slowly
开心地唱歌kāi xīn de chànɡ ɡē Singing happily

Note: when a monosyllabic adjective is used as the adverbial modifier, ‘地’ is generally omitted. 
For example:
慢走 màn zǒu Walk slowly

3. 得,Used after a verb, to indicate how an action works, or to show the degree of the action.The sentence pattern is: Verb / Adj. + 得de + Description.

For example:
跑得快pǎo de kuài The rabbit runs fast
长得慢zhǎnɡ de màn Big tree grows slowly
吃得好chī dé hǎo Time flies(fast)
睡得晚shuì de wǎn Sleep late
高兴得跳了起来 gāoxìng de tiào le qǐlái Jump with joy

Note:For separable verbs/VO compounds,you need to duplicate the main verb,If it’s a verb and no object,you don’t need to duplicate it.
For example:
我睡觉睡得晚wǒ shuì jiào shuì de wǎn/我睡得晚wǒ shuì de wǎn I sleep late.
他写字写得很好tā xiě zì xiě de hěn hǎo/他写得很好tā xiě de hěn hǎo He writes well.

BUT You CAN NOT say:我睡觉得晚wǒ shuì jiào de wǎn./他写字得很好tā xiě zì de hěn hǎo。

Hope this article could help you.If you have any doubts or if you want the answers of the exercises,please feel free to contact me on Verbling.:)

以上内容为Rosa(Danxia)Lu https://www.verbling.com/teachers/rosalu 编辑整理,如需转载请注明出处!

Other articles from this teacher,please click the links below:

1,适合外国人学中文的十大电视剧(第1部分-现代剧类)10 Chinese TV series to Help You Learn Mandarin(Part 1:Modern drama)
https://www.verbling.com/articles/post/1-10-chinese-tv-series-to-help-you-learn-1

2,适合外国人学中文的十大中国综艺节目 10 Popular Chinese TV Shows to Help You Learn Chinese
https://www.verbling.com/articles/post/10-popular-chinese-tv-shows-to-help-you-

3,中国的热门经典电视剧(第2部分-古装剧类)China's popular classic TV series (Part 2 - Costume drama)
https://www.verbling.com/articles/post/2-chinas-popular-classic-tv-series-part-

2019年5月9日
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Do you want to learn Chinese in a relaxed way? Do you want to learn the standard Chinese accent? Do you want to pass the HSK exam? Do you want to speak Chinese better? ✿✿✿Bingo!You found the right teacher here!^_^✿✿✿ Hello! 你好nǐ hǎo! Olá!こんにちは! This is Rosa,from China and been living in Brazil for about 4 years, where I teach Chinese courses now. 大家好,我叫Rosa,来自中国,我在巴西住了大概四年并在这里教授中文课程。 ➡️I speak fluent English,daily life Portuguese and a little Japanese.So I do understand your feeling and the difficulties when you start to learn a new language.and I have gained a lot of experience along the way which will help you take less detours. 我会说流利的英文,日常的葡萄牙语和一点儿日语,所以我知道学习一门新的语言时的困难。在我学习语言的过程中积累了很多的经验,这会帮助你走少弯路。 ★ ★ ★Me as a Teacher ➡️I am new on Verbling,BUT don't worry,I am NOT new on teaching! :D I have about 3 years teaching experience,and I'm having a professional teaching course at Beijing Language and Culture University, one of the most renowned universities for language teaching in China(Never too old to learn.^^). 我在Verbling上是新人,但是别担心,我在教学上不是新手!:D我有三年左右的线下和线上教学经验.同时,我还在北京语言大学学习专业的对外汉语教学课程,这是中国最著名的语言教学大学之一(活到老学到老^^)。 ★ ★ ★My Lessons & Teaching Style ***My course is from Beginner to Upper Advanced: 我的课程是从零基础到高级。 ➡️Before class,we'll discuss and set your learning targets,according to your purpose,level & preferred method,I will design a personalized course and provide right materials for you(or use your own materials). 上课之前,根据你的目的,级别和喜欢的教学风格,我们会讨论和设定你的学习目标,我会设计个性化的课程和提供合适的学习材料给你(或者可以使用你自己的材料)。 ➡️➡️➡️I use flexible method to teach students regardless of their ages, personalities, and fluency levels in Mandarin.The formation of a language is not only built by grammar, pronunciations, but also the culture itself. As I am native and I have been here in Brazil for a long time, I understand the differences. Therefore, I always present the Chinese culture and explain the applications of vocabularies and sentences in each case. 我使用灵活的方法教授学生,无论他们的年龄,性格和普通话的流利程度如何。语言的形成不仅建立在语法,发音之上,更是文化本身。 因为我是汉语母语者,而且我已经在巴西待了很长时间,所以我理解这些差异。 因此,我总是给你呈现中国文化,并在不同的情况下解释词汇和句子的应用。 ✿✿✿Don't be afraid to make mistakes. You must know that "failure is the mother of success."^_^ I will patiently guide you to correct mistakes, and you will make progress in your mistakes. 不要怕犯错误,要知道“失败乃成功之母”,我会很耐心地引导你自己纠正错误,你会在错误中进步。 ➡️For all levels of students,I will encourage you to speak Chinese as much as possible in class.The best way to master a language is by speaking and using it。 对于所有级别的学生,我会鼓励你在课堂上尽可能多地说中文。掌握一门语言的最好方法是说并使用它。 ➡️For beginners, I recommend using some textbooks to build your vocabulary, sentence and grammar system.The contents of the textbook are basically close to everyday life (If there are any errors in the book, I will correct it in time for sure). ☞The textbooks for structure lessons I might use are as below: (✿✿✿Don't worry,we won't just follow all the lessons and learn something you might not use,we will only learn the most useful contents in those textbooks for your needs.Learning a language is a long journey. Why not learn it in an interesting way, right?:)✿✿✿): 对于系统课程,以下是我可能会使用的一些课本(别担心,我们不会只关注所有课程并学习一些你可能不会使用的东西,我们只会根据你的需要学习这些教科书中最有用的内容。学习语言是一个漫长的旅程,为什么不以有趣的方式来学习它,你说呢?:)): 1,体验汉语:生活篇/留学篇/商务篇/旅游篇/文化篇 Experiencing Chinese-living in China/studying in China/Business communication in China/Traveling in China/Experiencing culture in China; 2,HSK标准教程Standard Course HSK; 3,新实用汉语New practical Chinese reader; 4,汉语口语速成Short-term spoken Chinese; 5,轻松学中文Easy steps to Chinese(For Teenagers青少年); 6,新丝路商务汉语New silk road Business Chinese; 7,成功之道-中级商务汉语案例教程Business Chinese for success-real cases from real companies. If you still have any questions,please feel free to contact me or book a trial lesson.I look forward to meeting you in the class.:) 如果你还有任何问题,欢迎随时联系我或者预订一堂试听课,期待在课堂上与你见面:)
Flag
中文
globe
中国
time
271
:
粤语
母语
,
中文
母语
,
英语
C1
,
葡萄牙语
B1
,
西班牙语
A1
,
日语
Do you want to learn Chinese in a relaxed way? Do you want to learn the standard Chinese accent? Do you want to pass the HSK exam? Do you want to speak Chinese better? ✿✿✿Bingo!You found the right teacher here!^_^✿✿✿ Hello! 你好nǐ hǎo! Olá!こんにちは! This is Rosa,from China and been living in Brazil for about 4 years, where I teach Chinese courses now. 大家好,我叫Rosa,来自中国,我在巴西住了大概四年并在这里教授中文课程。 ➡️I speak fluent English,daily life Portuguese and a little Japanese.So I do understand your feeling and the difficulties when you start to learn a new language.and I have gained a lot of experience along the way which will help you take less detours. 我会说流利的英文,日常的葡萄牙语和一点儿日语,所以我知道学习一门新的语言时的困难。在我学习语言的过程中积累了很多的经验,这会帮助你走少弯路。 ★ ★ ★Me as a Teacher ➡️I am new on Verbling,BUT don't worry,I am NOT new on teaching! :D I have about 3 years teaching experience,and I'm having a professional teaching course at Beijing Language and Culture University, one of the most renowned universities for language teaching in China(Never too old to learn.^^). 我在Verbling上是新人,但是别担心,我在教学上不是新手!:D我有三年左右的线下和线上教学经验.同时,我还在北京语言大学学习专业的对外汉语教学课程,这是中国最著名的语言教学大学之一(活到老学到老^^)。 ★ ★ ★My Lessons & Teaching Style ***My course is from Beginner to Upper Advanced: 我的课程是从零基础到高级。 ➡️Before class,we'll discuss and set your learning targets,according to your purpose,level & preferred method,I will design a personalized course and provide right materials for you(or use your own materials). 上课之前,根据你的目的,级别和喜欢的教学风格,我们会讨论和设定你的学习目标,我会设计个性化的课程和提供合适的学习材料给你(或者可以使用你自己的材料)。 ➡️➡️➡️I use flexible method to teach students regardless of their ages, personalities, and fluency levels in Mandarin.The formation of a language is not only built by grammar, pronunciations, but also the culture itself. As I am native and I have been here in Brazil for a long time, I understand the differences. Therefore, I always present the Chinese culture and explain the applications of vocabularies and sentences in each case. 我使用灵活的方法教授学生,无论他们的年龄,性格和普通话的流利程度如何。语言的形成不仅建立在语法,发音之上,更是文化本身。 因为我是汉语母语者,而且我已经在巴西待了很长时间,所以我理解这些差异。 因此,我总是给你呈现中国文化,并在不同的情况下解释词汇和句子的应用。 ✿✿✿Don't be afraid to make mistakes. You must know that "failure is the mother of success."^_^ I will patiently guide you to correct mistakes, and you will make progress in your mistakes. 不要怕犯错误,要知道“失败乃成功之母”,我会很耐心地引导你自己纠正错误,你会在错误中进步。 ➡️For all levels of students,I will encourage you to speak Chinese as much as possible in class.The best way to master a language is by speaking and using it。 对于所有级别的学生,我会鼓励你在课堂上尽可能多地说中文。掌握一门语言的最好方法是说并使用它。 ➡️For beginners, I recommend using some textbooks to build your vocabulary, sentence and grammar system.The contents of the textbook are basically close to everyday life (If there are any errors in the book, I will correct it in time for sure). ☞The textbooks for structure lessons I might use are as below: (✿✿✿Don't worry,we won't just follow all the lessons and learn something you might not use,we will only learn the most useful contents in those textbooks for your needs.Learning a language is a long journey. Why not learn it in an interesting way, right?:)✿✿✿): 对于系统课程,以下是我可能会使用的一些课本(别担心,我们不会只关注所有课程并学习一些你可能不会使用的东西,我们只会根据你的需要学习这些教科书中最有用的内容。学习语言是一个漫长的旅程,为什么不以有趣的方式来学习它,你说呢?:)): 1,体验汉语:生活篇/留学篇/商务篇/旅游篇/文化篇 Experiencing Chinese-living in China/studying in China/Business communication in China/Traveling in China/Experiencing culture in China; 2,HSK标准教程Standard Course HSK; 3,新实用汉语New practical Chinese reader; 4,汉语口语速成Short-term spoken Chinese; 5,轻松学中文Easy steps to Chinese(For Teenagers青少年); 6,新丝路商务汉语New silk road Business Chinese; 7,成功之道-中级商务汉语案例教程Business Chinese for success-real cases from real companies. If you still have any questions,please feel free to contact me or book a trial lesson.I look forward to meeting you in the class.:) 如果你还有任何问题,欢迎随时联系我或者预订一堂试听课,期待在课堂上与你见面:)
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