The Number One Reason Why Spoken English is So Hard to Understand

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Jenny Christofferson英语
2018年1月18日
504
3 分钟
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All of my students tell me that the hardest thing for them in their English language learning is listening. “I can’t understand anything!” they say.

It can be so frustrating to not understand native speakers. Especially when you’ve studied so much. What was the point of all those flashcards?

Let me explain why this happens. It has to do with the process of word stress. This is what happens when English speakers stress words - or parts of words. The stressed words stand out and are easier to understand.

That’s great - but the words around them are much more difficult to hear. For example, here’s a simple sentence you might hear spoken:

Let’s go out to your friend’s house

Now here’s the same sentence with the stressed words emphasized in bold.

Let’s go out to your friend’s house

These stressed words are usually nice and easy to hear. They are the words that the speaker thinks are most important for the meaning of the sentence. They are loud and slow. So we call them strong words.

But words are strong because they sound different from the words around them. The words around them are spoken more quickly and more quietly. We call these weak words.

When words are spoken quickly and quietly they are definitely harder to understand! But that’s not the only problem. Even more confusing is that because the words are fast, English speakers change the sounds in the words to make them easier to pronounce. This is especially true for American English speakers, who tend to be lazy with their mouths. So instead of nice BBC spoken English where each word is spoken clearly, our sentence now becomes:

Let’s gowowtuhyer friend’s house._

Yipes! How did this happen? Well, generally in weak words:

  • Vowels are shorter
  • The end of one word joins up with the beginning of the next word
  • New sounds can be produced when speakers shift from one vowel sound to another
  • Consonant sounds change to make them easier to speak faster

Back to our example:

Let’s go out to your friend’s house

If go out is spoken nice and clearly, you hear two separate words, with two vowel sounds - oh in go and ow in out. Go / out. But when English speakers push the words together they don’t stop making sound when they move their mouth from the oh to the ow. As their lips move back an extra sound - w - is formed. This sounds like:

gowout (go out)

Next, when the t of out and the next t of to join together, they become one t sound, and the oo of to shortens, becoming tuh - so we have:

outuh (out to)

Then to your is pushed together and your shortens to yer making:

tuhyer (to your)

And of course, it’s all spoken together like one word: gowoutuhyer

Phew! That was a lot to explain. But I hope now you can see why in this sentence you might hear things like wout or tuhyer - words you might look for in an English dictionary but you will never find.

OK…. and what can I do with all this information?

The first thing you can do is to listen to this pattern in English speech. Instead of catching only the strong words, start to listen to the weak ones and see what you hear.

To practice, you can get a recording of some spoken English with a transcript and listen to the strong words (elllo.org is a great resource). Then play it again and listen to the words that are weak. Now follow along with the transcript and see if you are able to hear the weak words. What happens to them when they are spoken?

If you really want to take this to the next level, you can listen to a phrase, pause the recording, and then write down what you hear. You can listen many times, try your best, and check your words with the transcript. This will help you improve. If you do this regularly, without a doubt you will understand spoken English.

The ear - mouth connection

The very best way to learn to hear weak words, however, is to learn to speak them. If you can pronounce sentences with these patterns you will hear them better. An English teacher can help you do this, or you can imitate what you hear in recordings and videos. The reverse is also true; the better you can hear English, the better you will be able to pronounce it.

In closing, I hope this article helped you understand one of the main reasons why spoken English can be so hard to understand. And, I hope that you got some tips for improving your listening skills so that you can understand more of the English around you.

Good luck!

英语 Tutor Jenny
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Jenny

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Hello, my name is Jenny. I am an experienced and qualified English teacher and I specialize in teaching pronunciation. I have over 10 years experience teaching children and adults; I have a TEFL certificate, additional certificates in teaching pronunciation and grammar, a U.S. K-12 teaching credential and experience teaching adults and children English online and in the classroom. I am a patient and supportive teacher because I know learning another language is hard work! I love to discover my students' interests and needs so that I can create lessons and plans individually for them. Sign up for a trial lesson - we can discuss how a package of classes can help you in a specific area of your English learning. I can plan a mini course on improving your pronunciation, reviewing grammar, learning phrasal verbs, improving presentation skills or gaining English confidence - just to list a few possibilities.
$18.00-22.00
USD/h
Flag 英语
美国
127
西班牙语
B1
Hello, my name is Jenny. I am an experienced and qualified English teacher and I specialize in teaching pronunciation. I have over 10 years experience teaching children and adults; I have a TEFL certificate, additional certificates in teaching pronunciation and grammar, a U.S. K-12 teaching credential and experience teaching adults and children English online and in the classroom. I am a patient and supportive teacher because I know learning another language is hard work! I love to discover my students' interests and needs so that I can create lessons and plans individually for them. Sign up for a trial lesson - we can discuss how a package of classes can help you in a specific area of your English learning. I can plan a mini course on improving your pronunciation, reviewing grammar, learning phrasal verbs, improving presentation skills or gaining English confidence - just to list a few possibilities.

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